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Thiocarbonate describes a family of anions with the general chemical formula CS3−xO2−x (x = 0, 1, or 2). Organic compounds structurally related to these anions are also called thiocarbonates.
Like the carbonate dianion, the thiocarbonates are planar, with carbon at the center. The average bond order from C to S or O is 1 1⁄3. The state of protonation is usually not specified. These anions are good nucleophiles and good ligands.
 Other forms of cellulose were also examined -- for example, pinewood cellulose -- and the substances separated from solution as thiocarbonate
In 1892, Cross and Bevan patented the preparation of a new and curious compound of cellulose, the thiocarbonate (1) (2) (3).
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